Knowledge of Minor Discomforts during Pregnancy among Pregnant Women Attending Maternal and Pediatric Hospital in Soran City
A lot of pregnant women experience some common discomforts during their pregnancy which may occur due to hormonal, anatomical, and metabolic changes. Although common discomforts may make the pregnant woman feel ill, pregnancy is a normal physiologic process. The common discomforts include backache, leg cramps, constipation, fatigue, nausea and vomiting, sleep disturbance, heartburn, and increased urinary frequency. To assess the pregnant knowledge of minor discomforts happening during pregnancy, it is planned to conduct the present study. A descriptive study design was carried out from December 2017 to June 2018, using non-probability convenience sampling technique for the selection of 150 mothers attended maternal and pediatric hospital in Soran City during antenatal visits. Data were collected through the use of a specially designed questionnaire for the purpose of the study. The findings of the study show that 34% of samples were in the age group of 20–25 years, 42% illiterate and mostly (90%) housewife. Most of women (70%) were in the 3rd trimester of their pregnancy and 66% of them had not history of the previous abortion. More than half of the participants (56%) had poor knowledge of minor discomforts during pregnancy. Our results show statistically significant association between knowledge levels with pregnant education level, and high significant association with age, husbands’ education level, and occupation. In addition, significant associations were found between pregnant mothers’ knowledge and their reproductive variables of gravida, abortion, and type of pregnancy. The major conclusion drawn on the basis of the findings of the present study was that there was inadequate knowledge of discomforts during pregnancy among participants. The study results revealed that women knowledge level was significantly associated with age, educational level, occupation, gravida, abortion, and type of pregnancy.
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