Polytechnic  Journal of Humnities and Social Sciences (Polytechnic J. Hum. Soc. Sci.) is a biannual academic journal published by Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, KRG, Iraq. Polytechnic J. Hum. Soc. Sci. publishes original researches in all areas of Humanities and Social Sciences. Polytechnic J. Hum. Soc. Sci. ia a Peer-Reviewed Open Access journal with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives License 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Polytechnic J. Hum. Soc. Sci. provides immediate, worldwide, barrier-free access to the full text of research articles without requiring a subscription to the journal.  Polytechnic J. Hum. Soc. Sci. applies the highest standards to everything it does and adopts APA citation/referencing style.